Boone, Johnson and Wolf on the euro zone’s future
This post was written by John McHale
Peter Boone and Simon Johnson raise an alarm here.
Martin Wolf reviews Germany’s options here. From Martin’s piece:
Now turn to the second issue: how does Germany want the euro zone to be organised? This is how I understand the views of the German government and monetary authorities: no euro zone bonds; no increase in funds available to the European Stability Mechanism (currently €500 billion); no common backing for the banking system; no deviation from fiscal austerity, including in Germany itself; no monetary financing of governments; no relaxation of euro zone monetary policy; and no powerful credit boom in Germany. The creditor country, in whose hands power in a crisis lies, is saying “Nein” at least seven times.
How, I wonder, do Germany’s policymakers imagine they will halt the euro zone’s doom loop? I have two hypotheses. The first is that they believe they will not. They expect life for some of the vulnerable economies will become so miserable that they will leave voluntarily, thereby reducing the euro zone to a like-minded core, and lowering risks to Germany’s own monetary and fiscal stability from any pressure to rescue the weak economies. The second hypothesis is that the Germans really think these policies could work. One possibility is the weaker countries would have so big an “internal devaluation” that they would move into large external surpluses with the rest of the world, thereby restoring economic activity. Another is that a combination of radical structural reforms with a fire sale of assets would draw a wave of inward direct investment. That could finance the current-account deficit in the short run, and generate new economic activity in the longer run. Maybe German policymakers believe it will be either harsh adjustment or swift departure. But “moral hazard” would at least be contained and Germany’s exposure capped, whatever the outcome.
I still believe there is a third “hypothesis”. Germany is willing to move (if hesitantly) from some of these “no” positions, but requires certain assurances and demonstrations of intent. Will these assurances be forthcoming? Will it be enough?