Dublin Economic Monitor

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April 23rd, 2015

here.

World Happiness Report 2015

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April 23rd, 2015

here.

The Science of Scarcity

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April 23rd, 2015

Profile of Sendhil Mullainathan and progress in behaviourial economics (especially vis-a-vis the problems facing low-income households) here.

Miriam Hederman O’Brien Prize 2015

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April 23rd, 2015

The Miriam Hederman O’Brien prize for 2015 is being awarded by the Foundation for Fiscal Studies to recognise outstanding contributions in the area of Irish fiscal policy. The aim of the prize is to promote the study and discussion of matters relating to fiscal, economic and social policy, and the prize will be awarded to a piece of completed research or analysis in this area.

Details of the prize, entry criteria and submission details are available here. The closing date for submissions is Friday 22nd May.

It is hoped for this year’s prize that submissions will come from a wide range of policy areas.

Expert Commission: Increasing Investment in Germany

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April 21st, 2015

English summary here.

TCD Policy Institute Event: Philip Lane : ‘A New Start for the Eurozone: Dealing with Debt’

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April 18th, 2015

I will present the CEPR Report on April 28th, 9am-10am

A New Start for the Eurozone: Dealing with Debt

Thomas Davis Theatre ( Room 2043), Arts Building , 9.00am – 10.00am on Tuesday 28th April 2015 . All welcome

61st Economic Policy Panel: Riga

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April 18th, 2015

The Economic Policy Panel met this weekend at the Bank of Latvia in Riga.

Papers here.

Update on Greece

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April 18th, 2015

FT Big Read here.

Bulow and Rogoff here.

Peter Doyle here.

Roy Geary: Father of Statistics in Ireland

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April 18th, 2015

This radio programme looks back at the remarkable career of Roy Geary, featuring interviews with Brendan Whelan and Dermot McAleese: here.

Thomas Kirchner on Europe and the Euro

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April 17th, 2015

Eurointelligence alerts us to this article by Thomas Kirchner, and speculates that we may hear more along these lines in the months to come.

A New Start for the Eurozone: Dealing with Debt

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April 15th, 2015

The CEPR has published a new report on the eurozone (I am one of the co-authors).

Outline: This report, the first in the Monitoring the Eurozone series, addresses the measures Eurozone countries need to take to guard against returning financial instability that could threaten a sustainable recovery. The authors consider stock operations, lending structures and regulatory changes in protecting sovereign debt on a national and Europe-wide level.

 

Report is here.

VOX summary is here.

New Working Paper on the Restructuring and Recovery of the Irish Financial Sector

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April 2nd, 2015

Tom Flavin, Brian O’Kelly and myself have a new working paper on the restructuring and recovery of the Irish financial sector, covering the period late 2008-2014. Helpful comments (cautiously) welcomed.

 

The EU Expenditure Benchmark: Operational Issues for Ireland in 2016

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April 1st, 2015

A new analytical note from the Fiscal Council. Here.

IEA 2015 Conference

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March 27th, 2015

The 29th Annual Irish Economic Association Conference will be held at the Institute of Banking, IFSC, 1 North Wall Quay, Dublin 1 on Thursday May 7th and Friday May 8th, 2015. The ESR guest lecture will be given by Professor Christopher Udry (Yale University) and the Edgeworth Lecture by Professor Giancarlo Corsetti (University of Cambridge). This year we have a very strong and expanded programme.

Registration for the conference is through the exordo site. Early registration costs 100 euros and includes dinner on the 7th. There is a much lower price for student delegates at 35 euros.

Bookings for accommodation should be made directly. We have negotiated some discounted hotel rooms at the Maldron Hotel, Cardiff Lane, which is close to the conference venue (mention the “IEA2015″).

I’m looking forward to seeing you there.

International Investment Position & External Debt – Q4 2014

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March 25th, 2015

The CSO have published the Q4 2014 update for these data.  As pointed out 12 months ago there is a lot of noise in the figures.

Ireland’s gross external debt was estimated to be €1,721.6 billion at the end of 2014.  On the other side of the ledger there are €2,623.8 billion of external assets in debt instruments.  This means we have a net position of -€902.2bn, i.e. assets exceed liabilities.  Of course, these figures are close to meaningless in any real sense as they are polluted by financial services sector.

Under the heading “IFSC” the CSO records total foreign assets of €2,757.5 billion and total foreign liabilities of €2,790.4 billion.  The gross totals are immense but the net position is small by comparison.  Here are the net international investment positions by sector excluding the impact of the IFSC.

Looking at the NIIP by sector is not the end of the story.  We equally have to account for the MNC effect that will impact the figures for non-financial companies.  For example in debt instruments alone there is €168 billion of external debt and €242 billion of external assets in debt associated with direct investment (outside the IFSC).  This is further muddied by foreign direct investment into Ireland and investment abroad by Irish domiciled (and sometimes foreign-owned) companies.  Part of the impact of this can be seen in the second panel which shows the NIIP by type of investment.

Ireland gross external debt (excluding the IFSC) is around €470 billion.  By factoring for external assets in debt instruments the equivalent net external debt is (just) €55 billion.  However, if we exclude the impact of direct investment in both directions (mainly MNCs but not exclusively foreign-owned MNCs) the situation is:

The gross external debt figure is just over €300 billion and has fallen around €100 billion over the past three years.  As more of the external assets in debt instruments are associated with direct investment the net external debt figure here is €130 billion (higher than the €55 billion figure including direct investment).  This has fallen by around €75 billion over the past three years.

If we look at the overall net international investment position we see the following (the chart begins in Q1 2012 as that is when the new BPM6 series start):

Note the subcategories are not the same.  In the external debt chart we were able to remove assets and liabilities associated with direct investment.  For the NIIP only a division by sectors is available.  Thus we can show the NIIP excluding non-financial companies which in the main will reflect the activities of MNCs but not exclusively so.  Outside of the IFSC and NFCs Ireland has a net external liability of €80 billion which is an improvement of €60 billion on the position at the start of 2012.

When is macroprudential policy effective?

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March 24th, 2015

BIS paper here.

Abstract:

Previous studies have shown that limits on loan-to-value (LTV) and debt-to-income (DTI) ratios can stabilise the housing market, and that tightening these limits tends to be more effective than loosening them. This paper examines whether the relative effectiveness of tightening vs. loosening macroprudential measures depends on where in the housing cycle they are implemented. I find that tightening measures have greater effects when credit is expanding quickly and when house prices are high relative to income. Loosening measures seem to have smaller effects than tightening, but the difference is negligible in downturns. Loosening being found to have small effects is consistent with where it occurs in the cycle.

Irish Journalism during the Celtic Tiger period

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March 24th, 2015

The Media Show on RTE Radio featured a debate between Harry Browne and Richard Curran -  podcast here.

Mortgage Debt Restructuring

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March 24th, 2015

Eamon Quinn writes in The Irish News here.

2 Lectureships in Economics at UL

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March 20th, 2015

The Department of Economics at the University of Limerick is looking to hire 2 tenure-track Lecturers below the bar, one in Macroeconomics/Monetary economics. The closing date is 10 April, 2015. All details are here. 

Macroeconomic Data Revisions

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March 19th, 2015

New analysis by Eddie Casey and Diarmuid Smyth here.

Cyprus and Greece

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March 18th, 2015

NYT review of Cyprus here.

FT editorial on Grexit here ;  op-ed by Greek cabinet ministers here.

IBRC liquidation ‘Progress Report’

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March 13th, 2015

Here.

Missing Money

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March 12th, 2015

FT Alphaville carries some material on unrecorded outflows from crisis-hit countries here and here.

Today’s CSO release for Ireland shows little progress in recovering/identifying the cumulative €20 billion (approximately) in “net errors and omissions” (a proxy for unrecorded financial outflows) during 2010-2011.

 

CSO Updates

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March 12th, 2015

The CSO have published the Q4 2014 Quarterly National Accounts which provide us with the first  full-year estimates for 2014.

Real GDP growth in 2014 is estimated to have been 4.8 per cent. Real GNP expanded by 5.2 per cent.

Nominal GDP grew by 6.1 per cent and now stands at €185 billion.  Real GDP growth was 0.2 per cent in Q4 2014 compared to previous quarter.  The Balance of Payments shows a current account surplus equivalent to 6.2 per cent of GDP (€11.5 billion) for 2014.

As per usual there is likely a lot happening under the surface of the headline figures with factors like contract manufacturing and re-domiciling PLCs impacting previous figures.

Prices rose 0.6 per cent in February but annual inflation remained negative at –0.4 per cent.

ESRB: Regulatory Treatment of Sovereign Exposures

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March 12th, 2015

The  risks of financial institutions (banks, insurance firms) holding excessive amounts of sovereign debt are analysed in this new report, along with an array of policy options: here.

New Book on Irish Economic Development

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March 10th, 2015

UCC’s Eoin O’Leary has just published his monograph “Irish Economic Development: High-Performing EU State or Serial Under-achiever?” From the publisher’s site:

This book offers a discerning narrative on the spectacular rise and fall of the so-called Celtic Tiger economy. It depicts Ireland as a micro-state with a unique reliance on foreign-assisted businesses, driven in part by a favourable taxation regime. It shows that rent-seeking by trades unions and property developers contributed to the fall since 2002. Although the country’s highly centralized government’s pre-disposition to lobbying has yielded international successes, it has also resulted in recurring self-inflicted crises since 1970.

This volume shows how Ireland’s export-led growth is associated more with the attraction of foreign-assisted businesses than with the development of critical masses of internationally competitive indigenous businesses. Although the success of foreign-assisted businesses in the pharmaceutical, ICT and finance sectors has been influenced by tax advantages, many of these businesses have been involved in highly productive activity in Ireland over a number of decades. The problem of rent-seeking is shown to have undermined Irish competitiveness in the internationally traded and sheltered sectors. The Irish policy mind-set is shown to lean towards distribution rather than growth. While this has been advantageous for how ‘Ireland Inc.’ interacts with other governments and international businesses, it has also resulted in a failure to resist the destructive effects of capture by lobbies.

In conclusion, this book considers future opportunities offered by the EU’s smart-specialization policy and future threats from increased international tax competition. It argues that unless Irish citizens and policymakers change deep-seated attitudes and mind-sets towards business development, the country’s performance for the next number of decades will more likely resemble serial under-achievement than that of a high-performing EU state.

Details are here:  http://www.tandf.net/books/details/9780415645126/

Reforms in Greece

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March 10th, 2015

Letter from Francesco Caselli in today’s FT here. (His earlier paper on political economy of the Greek crisis is here.)

Op-Ed from Marcel Fratzscher here.

What is the problem that selling Aer Lingus is supposed to solve?

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March 4th, 2015

I am writing this in the Aer Lingus lounge in Heathrow’s new Terminal 2, somewhere I spend a lot of time. Like a lot of other Irish people, I am a loyal customer of the national carrier, for a very simple reason: it’s a fantastic airline. It serves lots and lots of destinations direct from Dublin — no more going through London to get anywhere, which was once very often the case. It’s cheap — thanks to competition with Ryanair, British Airways and others. It offers the things that frequent fliers want — lounge access and terrific service. It pays decent wages. It’s Irish.

What’s not to like?

When deciding whether or not to sell the State’s remaining stake in Aer Lingus, you have to make value judgements, whether you admit to doing so or not: there are no “scientific” grounds to prefer one outcome to another. It’s the customer experience that matters to me, and I don’t see why you would think that selling the State’s stake would improve that in the long run.

So, what’s in it for me consumers?

Here’s a radical thought: ballot Aer Lingus customers, and see what they think. Isn’t the customer supposed to be king?

Video, Audio and Slides from the Irish Economy Conference

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March 4th, 2015

Are here. Many thanks to everyone who attended, and particularly our guest speakers.

ECB Analysis of Virtual Currency Schemes

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March 3rd, 2015

New report here.